Role of ICT in Community-Oriented Policing in South Asia: Challenges and Opportunities

By Tahir Maqsood, Sajjad A. Madani, Nawab Bahadar and Ingrid Nyborg. Community-oriented policing (COP) as a model has found widespread acceptance throughout the world both in developed and developing countries. Similarly, Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) have been embraced by many developed countries to augment COP initiatives. However, very little is known about the application of ICTs in COP in developing countries, particularly South Asia. … Continue reading Role of ICT in Community-Oriented Policing in South Asia: Challenges and Opportunities

Community-Oriented Policing in El Salvador

Despite being the smallest country in Central America, El Salvador is among the most violent nations in the world.  El Salvador went through a period of dictatorship and civil war during the 1980’s that formally ended in 1992, but the deterioration of its economic situation after its peace agreement led to large-scale migration.  During the same period, the country received numerous deportees from the USA … Continue reading Community-Oriented Policing in El Salvador

Research report – Kenya

This report provides an overview of the context within which community-oriented policing in Kenya currently operates. It focuses on the findings of our researchers in and around the capital city of Nairobi. For most Kenyan residents and police officers, especially those living or working in Nairobi’s extensive slums and poor areas, police-community relations are characterised by mutual distrust. The regime is widely regarded as corrupt … Continue reading Research report – Kenya

Community-Oriented Policing in Nicaragua

Nicaragua experienced a period of authoritarian government, civil war, and revolution that lasted into the late 1970’s.  Nicaragua is Latin America’s second poorest country and is characterized by an unequal society with significant levels of migration to northern and neighboring countries.  In spite of this, out-migration is less of a trend in Nicaragua than in nearby countries, possibly due to its low crime rate.  This … Continue reading Community-Oriented Policing in Nicaragua

Community-Oriented Policing in Somalia

Somalia is a very young nation, with its federal government having been formed in 2012. The country struggles with instability, ineffective government, extreme weather events, and domestic terrorism.  Terrorism is a threat for the general public and tourists alike, and even Somalia’s neighboring countries suffer from constant risk.  Unlike other nations in the ICT4COP project, Somalia is fairly homogenous in terms of religion and ethnicity; … Continue reading Community-Oriented Policing in Somalia