By Erika Julieta Rojas Ospina With the purge of the Military Forces and the creation of a new National Civilian Police (PNC) as mandated by the 1992 Peace Accords, El Salvador set the stage for the construction of a less state-oriented security approach. However, a failure to question issues of security and a lack of consideration of gender in the Peace negotiations and the Security … Continue reading The Gendered Nature of Security in El Salvador: Challenges for Community-Oriented Policing
By Ingrid Nyborg, Jaishankar Ganapathy and Ajmal Nimruzi. In Afghanistan, police reform is an important focus of international efforts. After over a decade of assistance, however, there are still daunting challenges of public trust and police effectiveness. From a civilian perspective, the role of the police is a crucial one—and very different from that of the military. Communities, being at the very heart of security … Continue reading From Guns to Roses: Understanding Community-Oriented Policing in Afghanistan
By Nawab Bahadar, Shakir Ullah, Ingrid Nyborg and Tahir Maqsood. Community-police relations in Pakistan are often intricate, as are their reforms. Mistrust, political intervention, meager financial resources, lack of educated/trained human resources, over-expectations and miscommunication are some of the factors contributing to weak policing and poor community-police relations. The police as a service-oriented public institution has been a demand of the public and the dream … Continue reading Community-Oriented Policing: Political, Institutional and Technical Reforms in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) Police
By Tahir Maqsood, Sajjad A. Madani, Nawab Bahadar and Ingrid Nyborg. Community-oriented policing (COP) as a model has found widespread acceptance throughout the world both in developed and developing countries. Similarly, Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) have been embraced by many developed countries to augment COP initiatives. However, very little is known about the application of ICTs in COP in developing countries, particularly South Asia. … Continue reading Role of ICT in Community-Oriented Policing in South Asia: Challenges and Opportunities
By Prof. John-Andrew McNeish (Norwegian University of Life Sciences), Skarlleth Martinez Prado (Nicaraguan Institute of Strategic Study and Public Policy) and Hugo Frühling Ehrlich (Institute of Public Policy, University of Chile). Until the wave of political violence in 2018, the Nicaraguan model for community-based policing (COP) was viewed by many as the means by which the country had avoided the crime and insecurity reported elsewhere … Continue reading Community-Based Policing in Nicaragua: Do the Claims of Communitarian, Proactive and Preventative Hold True?