From Guns to Roses: Understanding Community-Oriented Policing in Afghanistan

By Ingrid Nyborg, Jaishankar Ganapathy and Ajmal Nimruzi. In Afghanistan, police reform is an important focus of international efforts. After over a decade of assistance, however, there are still daunting challenges of public trust and police effectiveness. From a civilian perspective, the role of the police is a crucial one—and very different from that of the military. Communities, being at the very heart of security … Continue reading From Guns to Roses: Understanding Community-Oriented Policing in Afghanistan

Designing community policing models: The relevance of political and security factors

Community policing is a widespread paradigm of policing in the contemporary world, but is manifested in various ways. More knowledge is needed about the decisive factors that facilitate specific styles of COP models. In Kenya, two national COP models have been developed, the County Policing Authority (CPA) and Nyumba Kumi (NK), which differ in their approaches, content, and goals. In this ICT4COP policy brief, Stian … Continue reading Designing community policing models: The relevance of political and security factors

Community-Oriented Policing: Political, Institutional and Technical Reforms in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) Police

By Nawab Bahadar, Shakir Ullah, Ingrid Nyborg and Tahir Maqsood. Community-police relations in Pakistan are often intricate, as are their reforms. Mistrust, political intervention, meager financial resources, lack of educated/trained human resources, over-expectations and miscommunication are some of the factors contributing to weak policing and poor community-police relations. The police as a service-oriented public institution has been a demand of the public and the dream … Continue reading Community-Oriented Policing: Political, Institutional and Technical Reforms in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) Police

On Building Trust With Technology

Information and communications technologies (ICTs) are quickly becoming an important aspect of post-conflict police reform programs. There is consequently an urgent need to be clear on the purposes of ICTs in police reform and on what expectations the police as well as communities have to the role of ICTs in building secure societies. Despite this, there is little work done on purposes, roles and expectations, … Continue reading On Building Trust With Technology

Role of ICT in Community-Oriented Policing in South Asia: Challenges and Opportunities

By Tahir Maqsood, Sajjad A. Madani, Nawab Bahadar and Ingrid Nyborg. Community-oriented policing (COP) as a model has found widespread acceptance throughout the world both in developed and developing countries. Similarly, Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) have been embraced by many developed countries to augment COP initiatives. However, very little is known about the application of ICTs in COP in developing countries, particularly South Asia. … Continue reading Role of ICT in Community-Oriented Policing in South Asia: Challenges and Opportunities