Somalia’s Security Challenges Complicate Transfer of Responsibility to Government

By Alice Hills In February, the African Union (AU) called for the gradual transfer of security responsibilities from the AU Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) to agencies of the federal government of Somalia. While there are positive aspects to this move, similar attempts have been made in the past with limited success. As part of the current call, AMISOM will hand over its responsibilities in part … Continue reading Somalia’s Security Challenges Complicate Transfer of Responsibility to Government

“Work With the Community, Not Your Weapons.”

The importance of involving local communities in national strategies to prevent and counter violent extremism is often under-estimated. However, effective involvement of the local population requires a certain level of trust in the state and the police. Based on interviews with community organizations in Nairobi and Mombasa in January and February 2016, this ICT4COP policy brief by Ingvild Magnæs Gjelsvik of the Norwegian Institute of … Continue reading “Work With the Community, Not Your Weapons.”

Pride of Place: Building Kenyan Policing From the Bottom Up

Most Kenyan’s distrust or fear police officers, yet examples of meaningful community policing can be found. Based on instances of good practice collected from three police stations in Nairobi, Kenya in August 2016, this ICT4COP policy brief by Prof. Alice Hills of Durham University identifies three key observations that may apply to police-community engagement elsewhere in Eastern Africa. Prof. Hills finds that good policing practice … Continue reading Pride of Place: Building Kenyan Policing From the Bottom Up

Community-Oriented Policing in Afghanistan

Afghanistan has been experiencing armed conflicts since the 1970s. Moreover, in the late 1980s, radical Islamist groups such as al-Qaida, the Taliban, and the Islamic State began to form. Violent conflict and foreign invasions have led Afghanistan to now face critical problems with poverty, high dependence on foreign aid, shortage of housing and jobs, and lack of other basic necessities. These problems, along with the … Continue reading Community-Oriented Policing in Afghanistan

Community-Oriented Policing in Kenya

Kenya is a diverse country and home to many tribes, some of them with long-standing rivalries. In remote areas like Turkana, the dry climate, long droughts, and very limited natural resources often exacerbate tribal conflicts. In such remote locations, the Kenyan police is reliant on the Kenya Police Reserve (reservists) to upkeep peace. However, the police reservists are essentially volunteers who often lack sufficient training … Continue reading Community-Oriented Policing in Kenya